BAJR : Software

A range of useful software resources for archaeologists


   Agisoft PhotoScan

Agisoft PhotoScan is a stand-alone software product that performs photogrammetric processing of digital images and generates 3D spatial data to be used in GIS applications, cultural heritage documentation, and visual effects production as well as for indirect measurements of objects of various scales.

   ArcGIS Explorer

ArcGIS Explorer is a free virtual globe that is much more than just a fun and easy way to explore the world in 2D and 3D. You can use it to add your own data to your maps and combine it with free data from ESRI. You can also customize your maps by adding photos, reports, videos, and other information.


The ArchEd Program is a tool for drawing Harris matrices which are used in archaeology. Beside its ability to edit such drawings it also contains an automatic drawing feature which redraws a given graph nicely.

   Arcview Addons (free)

Code and/or executables presented at this site are freeware and may be freely used and distributed. However, they may not be incorporated into commercial products..

   ARK - The Archaeological Recording Kit

ARK the Archaeological Recording Kit is an opensource, standards compliant, web-delivered system for the creation, storage, manipulation and publication of archaeological data and media. Or in fewer words, it’s a system you can use to put your archaeological data on the web so that you can work on it and share it.

   BASP 3D-Display

From a set of irregulary spaced data points with coordinates in the plane, a smooth surface is to be fitted to these points. Typical content of a point might be a count of the number of types at that point, representing the local richness of each point, with the surface estimating the distribution of richness over the entire area. If the content is the value of the position in a seriation, then the surface might represent a prediction of chronological distribution over an area. If the content represents presence in a cluster, then the surface might show the scope of each cluster. Any data which can be entered into Winbasp and which contains coordinate information can be displayed as a colored contour plot, a meshed shaded contoured surface or a number of other variants. Contour diagrams of find abundances are easily constructed with the new three dimensional display program. Contours may also be filled with color and/or displayed as a shaded surface, if desired.

   BASP Airphoto

An estimated 5,000,000 images made since the 1920's in the European archives represent an enormous amount of data which may never be recaptured under controlled conditions. It is the goal of AirPhoto to deal with this kind of image within the limits of the data and the financial limits of most archaeological institutions and private investigators by non-photogrammetrists. AirPhoto provides a useful tool for archaeologists (and others) without large amounts of money to spend on user-hostile photogrammetric hardware or expensive software which will enable them to deal with a reasonable number of the many aerial images which have accumulated over the years using modest PC's and peripherals.

   BASP CastCorrect

Almost all color transparency films, color print papers and color negative films use a multilayer subtractive colour construction similar to that shown above. The uppermost layer contains a yellow dye whose density is proportional to the amount of blue light, the middle layer has a magenta dye with density proportional to green light, and the lowermost layer contains a cyan dye with density proportional to the red light during exposure. A yellow filter layer prevents blue and ultra-violet light from reaching the two lower layers. A positive orange masking layer is also usually present in modern colour negative films to correct for imperfections in the response of the cyan dye. All colour dyes have limited lifetimes since their molecules break down under the influence of temperature, light and reaction with adjacent materials in the layers in the film. The cyan dye which is responsible for the red colour in an image was especially unstable in films manufactured prior to new developments in the mid-1980's.

   BASP posthole

A program for finding and displaying rectangular structures in scanned excavation plans

   BASP RadCor, A Lens Distortion Correction

Modern camera lenses are relatively free of geometric distortion, especially so at focal lengths much longer than the film or sensor diagonal. However, there is always a small remaining amount even in the most expensive lenses. This corrects the distortion for perfect 'flat' images

   BASP slides

Very useful programme :: This is a simple presentation programme designed to emulate a carousel slide projector with image files. Unlike commercial products, it has a zoom facility to permit examination of details in a displayed image. It is free of charge and may be freely distributed, installed and used.


BCal is an on-line Bayesian radiocarbon calibration tool hosted by the Department of Probability and Statistics at the University of Sheffield. We offer an easy to use Web site that allows researchers from around the world to make use of an integrated framework in which to interpret both radiocarbon data and a priori chronological information.


Bchron is an R package that enables quick calibration of radiocarbon dates under various calibration curves (including user generated ones); Age-depth modelling as per the algorithm of Haslett and Parnell (2008); Relative sea level rate estimation incorporating time uncertainty in polynomial regression models; and non-parametric phase modelling via Gaussian mixtures as a means to determine the activity of a site (and as an alternative to the Oxcal function SUM).

   Bryce 7

Optimized for even greater speed, Bryce 7 combines exceptional power with an innovative interface for incredible ease of use. A 3D landscape creation programme to take seriously.


CALIB Radiocarbon Calibration by M. Stuiver, P.J. Reimer, and R.W. Reimer, is an online radiocarbon calibration program. Downloadable versions are also available for Windows and Mac OSX.


Cologne Radiocarbon CALibration and PALaeoclimate Package. Designed for research on glacial C-14 age conversion (PC-WIN). By Bernhard Weninger and Olaf Jöris. *Only calibration using IntCal is standardized and internationally accepted.

   Computer Applications in Archaeology

Not so much software, but then again, an important part of applications in archaeology. CAA is an international organisation bringing together archaeologists, mathematics and computer scientists. Its aims are to encourage communication between these disciplines, to provide a survey of present work in the field and to stimulate discussion and future progress. Membership is open to anyone on payment of a nominal fee.

   eSkeletons Project

The eSkeletons Project website is devoted to the study of human and primate comparative anatomy. It offers a unique set of digitized versions of skeletons in 2-D and 3-D in full color, animations, and much supplemental information. The user can navigate through the various regions of the skeleton and view all orientations of each element along with muscle and joint information. eSkeletons enables you to view the bones of both human and non-human primates ranging from the gorilla to the tiny mouse lemur. All of the large apes are represented as well as other species from different parts of the world. Many of these primates are rare or endangered species.

   ExeGesIS - HBSMR

HBSMR (Historic Buildings, Sites and Monuments Record) is a comprehensive database, GIS and photographic data management system for the historic environment. It has been developed by exeGesIS SDM in partnership with English Heritage and (ALGAO). Used for SMR data in the UK.


FieldMap is a context-aware data collection and information access tool for use in field sciences such as archaeology.


The FreeGIS Project provides software overview on Free Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

   Gallery (photo album organizer)

This is the official website of Gallery, the open source web based photo album organizer. gives you an intuitive way to blend photo management seamlessly into your own website whether you're running a small personal site or a large community site. Gallery is the next generation of open source photo sharing web applications. Gallery gives you an intuitive way to blend photo management seamlessly into your own website whether you're running a small personal site or a large community site. Hundreds of thousands of people and organizations are using Gallery to create personalized photo albums on their websites. Features include: Easy to create photo galleries - User/photo administration and editing - Comprehensive permissions system - Fully themeable - Extensible modular design - Drag and drop upload system

   Generic Mapping Tools

GMT is an open source collection of ~60 tools for manipulating geographic and Cartesian data sets (including filtering, trend fitting, gridding, projecting, etc.) and producing Encapsulated PostScript File (EPS) illustrations ranging from simple x-y plots via contour maps to artificially illuminated surfaces and 3-D perspective views. GMT supports ~30 map projections and transformations and comes with support data such as coastlines, rivers, and political boundaries.

   GeoCommunity - Software

A huge List of GIS and Geo tech software, scripts and programmes.. includes: Using Georeferencing Tools for Navigation and Research of Aerial Photography - Learning about the history of an area? Check out some examples of using GIS technology and historical photography to visualize changes in a location. (October, 2008) GIS Viewing Tools You Shouldn't Be Without! - We've identified some of the best GIS Data Viewing tools that every GIS geek should have in his/her tools folder. We list the product features and where to find them. and more.

   GeoSetter for Windows

GeoSetter is a freeware tool for Windows for showing and changing geo data of image files (e.g. images taken by digital cameras). Shows existing geo coordinates and tracks on embedded Google Maps map (requires internet connection) Setting geo data by using embedded Google Maps map (requires internet connection) or by entering known values for coordinates and altitude directly


gnet is a general purpose editor/browser for directed graphs. One of its main uses is as a tool for visualising archaeological stratigraphy, but it is equally suited to a wide range of other applications.

   GPS TrackMaker

Most complete free program for GPS devices - GPS TrackMaker - Compatible with more than 160 GPS models - Support for Garmin, Magellan and others - Easily create your own maps - Support for vector maps and images - Multi-Language - Vehicle Tracking and AVL

   GPS Utility

GPS Utility is an easy-to-use application that provides management and manipulation of GPS information. You can use it to transfer data to/from a GPS receiver and store the data in PC files in one of several text formats. The program converts between different map datums and many coordinate formats (Lat/Long, UTM/UPS, country grids etc.). Information can be filtered in various ways and waypoints sorted according to specified criteria. Route and track statistics are available and can be transferred into other programs for analysis (i.e. spreadsheet programs).


Geographic Resources Analysis Support System Commonly referred to as GRASS, this is a Geographic Information System (GIS) used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics/maps production, spatial modeling, and visualization. GRASS is currently used in academic and commercial settings around the world, as well as by many governmental agencies and environmental and archaeological consulting companies.

   Groningen 14-C

WinCal25: The Groningen Calibration Program: By J. van der Plicht, for Windows, upgraded with latest calibration data set (intcal04). WinCal25 is a Windows remake of the CAL25 DOS program. It has the same functionality as CAL25 but with a new user interface..

   gvSIG 1.1 (Opensource GIS)

gvSIG is a tool oriented to manage geographic information. It is characterized by a user-friendly interface, with a quick access to the most usual raster and vector formats. In the same view it includes local as well as remote data through a WMS, WCS or WFS source.

   Historic Artifact Research Database (SHARD)

We developed our relational database SHARD to provide a consistent and (mostly) idiot?proof system to catalog artifacts from mid?19th to early?20th?century archaeological sites and create data tables that facilitate intra? and inter?site comparisons. While the ASC has been excavating urban sites since the 1970s, the impetus to create SHARD and its predecessors came from a series of hugely productive archaeological projects in the 1990s and early 2000s sponsored by the California Department of Transportation. These massive San Francisco Bay Area undertakings required a whole new way of recording and tabulating the nearly 1,000,000 individual items recovered from the excavations. SHARD is built on MS Office Access 2003, so you’ll need that program to run it. Everyone is free to use, reproduce, and adapt SHARD as best suits his or her needs. Please give proper credit when you use SHARD and when you cite or reproduce portions of the How-to Manual.


Inkscape is an Open Source vector graphics editor, with capabilities similar to Illustrator, Freehand, CorelDraw, or Xara X using the W3C standard Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file format. Supported SVG features include shapes, paths, text, markers, clones, alpha blending, transforms, gradients, patterns, and grouping.

   Integrated Archaeological Database System

The IADB is built around the SUAT site recording system - The overall structure consists of five levels: Finds, Contexts, Sets, Groups, and Phases.


Intrasis is a GIS designed to handle and structure archaeological documentation and field data. The software is flexible and user friendly. By using Intrasis all data related to one excavation or site becomes easy accessible and possible to combine. This increases the possibilities of interdisciplinary research when data from for example osteology or paleo-ecology can be combined with the archaeological information. The system is developed by Archaeological Excavations Department of National Heritage Board , Sweden (UV). Intrasis has since April 2000 been used at all archaeological excavations at UV, at the moment approx. 1800, and is today used by all major archaeological institutions in Sweden.

   Manifold® System Release 8

Manifold® System Release 8 delivers the world's most powerful, most full-featured and most modern Geographic Information System (GIS) package as a fully-integrated application at one low price. By using modern software technology and leveraging mainstream Microsoft standards, Manifold System can deliver more capabilities, more power, greater quality and greater ease of use in the $245 Manifold Personal Edition than old-fashioned GIS products costing thousands of dollars. Manifold also includes a world-class Internet Map Server (IMS), full object library and development environment to create custom applications and GIS-enabled web sites. No need to buy expensive extras or to struggle to integrate separate products. One package, Manifold System, scales from personal use on the desktop to enterprise use within the largest organizations deploying thousands of users simultaneously editing terabytes of data. Get Release 8 Now! Manifold 7x licensees should take advantage of the discounted 8.00 Upgrade offer.

   Manuscript: a Simple Free Reader for Digital Manuscripts

Manuscript is a simple program designed to read digital manuscripts on a computer screen. It is compatible with any popular platform and should be as fast as the platform allows it. Manuscript uses a Fisheye to zoom on part of the image without loosing the context. Simple keyboard keys allow for navigation into the image and into a larger corpus. Manuscript should be very helpful to read high-resolution image-based documents.


The foundation of the system is the free GIS, Map Maker Gratis. If your mapping needs are basic simply use Map Maker Gratis for free. Map Maker Gratis and Map Maker Pro are in one program, so at any time you can unlock the power of Map Maker Pro by buying and entering a licence number.

   MapPad (Version 2.0)

You can save your site and associated text information to a simple text file, and display that information by clicking the sites on the map. (FREE)

   MDA Archaeological Objects Thesaurus

This thesaurus is the result of work undertaken to develop guidance and common principles for the recording of object names within the archaeological profession and related disciplines


Archaeological excavation data storage, analysis and manipulation. Instant excavation feedback. Complete excavation customization and control. Professionally built. Free to Academic and non-profit organisations. Supported by Microsoft Research.

   National Monuments Thesaurus

Seven separate online thesauri. A tailor-made suite of programs has been developed, which uses a database to create a series of web pages for any chosen thesaurus. - English Heritage


Completely free Office suite compatible with the pricy Microsoft version and has the ability to export any files as PDF. WRITER is’s word processor: use it for anything from writing a quick letter to producing an entire book with embedded illustrations, cross-references, tables of contents, indexes, bibliographies... Auto-complete, auto-format, and real-time spelling check make light work of the hardest task. Writer is powerful enough to tackle desktop publishing tasks such as creating multi-column newsletters, brochures – the only limit is your imagination. Use CALC to bring your numbers under control. This powerful spreadsheet has all the tools you need to calculate, analyse, summarise, and present your data in numerical reports or sizzling graphics. A fully-integrated help system makes entering complex formulas a breeze. Sophisticated decision-making tools are just a few mouse clicks away. Pull in external data using the Data Pilot, and sort it, filter it, and produce subtotals and statistical analyses. Use previews to select from thirteen categories of 2-D and 3-D charts including line, area, column, pie, XY, stock and net with dozens of variants. IMPRESS is the fastest, most powerful way to create effective multimedia presentations. Your presentations will truly stand out with special effects, animation and high-impact drawing tools. DRAW will produce everything from simple diagrams to dynamic 3D illustrations and special effects. New to Version 2, BASE enables you to manipulate database data seamlessly within Create and modify tables, forms, queries, and reports, either using your own database or Base’s own built-in HSQL database engine.

   Ordnance Survey OpenData

As long as you credit OS OpenData, you're free to use these products in any way you wish, provided that it's not against the law.

   OS National GPS Network

This website is an essential resource for GPS users in Great Britain and also contains useful information for ALL users of GPS, both recreational and professional.

   Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit

The OxCal program is intended to provide radiocarbon calibration and analysis of archaeological and environmental stratigraphy. The program runs under Microsoft Windows on IBM PC compatibles.

   OziExplorer GPS Mapping

OziExplorer is interactive, it allows you to work, on your computer screen, with digital maps that you have purchased or scanned yourself. By using these maps OziExplorer allows you to plan your trip by creating waypoints, routes and tracks on screen and upload these to your GPS. OziExplorerCE is moving map software for PocketPC and Window CE PDA's, it uses raster map images which are either scanned or purchased in digital format. It allows you to track your position received from a GPS on a map (moving map).

   Panorama Factory

The Panorama Factory was originally offered as freeware. The most recent freeware release, V1.6, is still available for downloading. - This download page includes the free edition..however the v cheap other versions are well worth investment!

   PDF Creator - PrimoPDF

Convert to PDF from any application by simply 'printing' to the PrimoPDF® printer - it couldn't be easier! Within minutes, you can create high-quality PDFs by converting from Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and virtually any other printable file type.

   Photomodeler - 3D

PhotoModeler is a software package that calculates measurements and constructs 3D models in CAD from photographs. Perfect for Buildings and other archaeological projects.


PITCALC is a computer program devised in the 1980's to aid individuals to take accurate site location measurements in seconds - without the need for expensive GPS or Total Stations..


PixMaker Value allows you to stitch together multiple digital pictures into one 360° panoramic image or montage in seconds.

   Quantum GIS

Quantum GIS (QGIS) is a user friendly Open Source Geographic Information System (GIS) that runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OSX, and Windows. QGIS supports vector, raster, and database formats. QGIS is licensed under the GNU Public License. Some of the major features include: Support for spatially enabled PostGIS tables - Support for shapefiles, ArcInfo coverages, Mapinfo, and other formats supported by OGR Raster support for a large number of formats - Identify features - Display attribute tables -Select features GRASS Digitizing -Feature labeling


R2V is an advanced raster to vector conversion software for automated map digitizing, GIS data capture and CAD conversion applications. R2V is currently being used in more than 60 countries by thousands of users for mapping and GIS data conversion applications.


You need RoboGEO, a "software only" solution for geocoding photos with latitude and longitude information. Write to the EXIF Headers, Geocode Photos Using Google Earthâ„¢, Create Google Mapsâ„¢, Export GPX Files, Create ESRIâ„¢ Shapefiles, Export AutoCADâ„¢ DXFâ„¢ Files.... So much for a few pounds!


SingulArch pocket is an application for PPCs. - It was designed for the collection of all kinds of data at archaeological excavations. It can be used by geologists, biologists and other fieldworkers as well as for any other purpose of collecting data and coordinates. - SingulArch-Pocket contains a CAD-Tool, which is able to interpret GPS-data. You can display bitmaps and your vectordata as well. - Since version 1.3 data fom external devices (e.g. totalstations) can be recieved and sent to (control e.g. your Geodimeter-totalstation via SingulArch

   Snuffler - Freeware Geophysics Software

Geophysics is important in archaeology, with the emphasis on non-destructive methods of recording archaeology - here is a free program to analyse the data.


Stratigraphy is a method for relative dating of archaeological contexts. The Harris diagram visualises the relative chronology of a site with a diagram that shows the contexts and their stratigraphic relationships. The aim of the program Stratify is to lay out the Harris diagram automatically, taking all the available information on chronology and groupings into account. Stratify stores the data of the contexts and their stratigraphic relationships in a data base. Interactive and automatic checks are also supported in order to detect inconsistent, missing, or contradictory relationships.


Add descriptions to your images, send photos per email in just the right size, print high- quality copies, display slide-shows, publish web-galleries, safe-keep your images on CD or DVD. You'll get dual-monitor support, smart updates and many other award-winning functions of StudioLine Photo Classic – and it’s free.

   Terragen - landscape generator

Terragen is a scenery generator, created with the goal of generating photorealistic landscape images and animations. It is available for Windows and the Mac OS. At this stage in its development, Terragen is free for personal, noncommercial use. Although Terragen is a continually evolving work-in-progress, it is already capable of near-photorealistic results for professional landscape visualisation, special effects, art and recreation. Terragen has been used in a variety of commercial applications including film, television and music videos, games and multimedia, books, magazines and print advertisements.


Specifically designed for the needs of our profession, ArcheoSurveyor is a complete package for downloading, assembling, enhancing and saving the geophysical data from a range of instruments.

   The Gimp

GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It is a freely distributed piece of software for such tasks as photo retouching, image composition and image authoring. It works on many operating systems, in many languages.


TimeMap TMJava is a novel mapping applet which generates complete interactive maps with a few simple lines of html. It provides a way of easily enriching web pages with historical or contemporary information that goes far beyond static jpg map images. It's easy for beginners, yet provides completely customisable power and distributed backend database connectivity for the expert. It's free for personal use.

   UZR 3D

UZR iModeller 3D Professional Edition uses photo images to automatically construct a highly detailed 3D model of objects - perfect for finds and artefacts.